Molière Jean-Baptiste Poquelin
French playwright and actor

The French playwright, poet, and actor Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, better known by his stage name Molière, is regarded as one of the finest authors in both the French language and all of literature.



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Where it Started

Shortly before being christened as Jean Poquelin on January 15, 1622, Molière was born in Paris. He was the first child of Jean Poquelin and Marie Cressé, who had wed on April 27, 1621, and went by the name Jean-Baptiste. His mother was a wealthy bourgeois family's daughter. A maid saw him for the first time and said, "Le nez!" referring to the baby's big nose. From that point forward, Molière's relatives referred to him as "Le Nez." He lost his mother when he was 10 years old, and he doesn't appear to have had a close relationship with his father. After his mother passed away, he lived with his father in an affluent part of Paris, above the Pavillon des Singes on the street Saint-Honoré.

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Life's Work

Le Médecin volant (1645)—The Flying Doctor La Jalousie du barbouillé (1650)—The Jealousy of le Barbouillé L'Étourdi ou les Contretemps (1655)—The Blunderer, or, the Counterplots Le Dépit amoureux (16 December 1656)—The Love-Tiff Le Docteur amoureux (1658), the first play performed by Molière's troupe for Louis XIV (now lost)—The Doctor in Love Les Précieuses ridicules (18 November 1659)—The Affected Young Ladies Sganarelle ou Le Cocu imaginaire (28 May 1660)—Sganarelle, or the Imaginary Cuckold Dom Garcie de Navarre ou Le Prince jaloux (4 February 1661)—Don Garcia of Navarre or the Jealous Prince L'École des maris (24 June 1661)—The School for Husbands Les Fâcheux (17 August 1661)—The Bores (also translated The Mad) L'École des femmes (26 December 1662; adapted into The Amorous Flea, 1964)—The School for Wives La Jalousie du Gros-René (15 April 1663; now lost)—The Jealousy of Gros-René La Critique de l'école des femmes (1 June 1663)—Critique of the School for Wives L'Impromptu de Versailles (14 October 1663)—The Versailles Impromptu Le Mariage forcé (29 January 1664)—The Forced Marriage Gros-René, petit enfant (27 April 1664; now lost)—Gros-René, Small Child La Princesse d'Élide (8 May 1664)—The Princess of Elid Tartuffe ou L'Imposteur (12 May 1664)—Tartuffe, or, the Impostor Dom Juan ou Le Festin de pierre (15 February 1665)—Don Juan, or, The Stone Banquet (subtitle also translated The Stone Guest, The Feast with the Statue, &c.) L'Amour médecin (15 September 1665)—Love Is the Doctor Le Misanthrope ou L'Atrabilaire amoureux (4 June 1666)—The Misanthrope, or, the Cantankerous Lover Le Médecin malgré lui (6 August 1666)—The Doctor in Spite of Himself Mélicerte (2 December 1666) Pastorale comique (5 January 1667)—Comic Pastoral Le Sicilien ou L'Amour peintre (14 February 1667)—The Sicilian, or Love the Painter Amphitryon (13 January 1668) George Dandin ou Le Mari confondu (18 July 1668)—George Dandin, or the Abashed Husband L'Avare ou L'École du mensonge (9 September 1668)—The Miser, or, the School for Lies Monsieur de Pourceaugnac (6 October 1669) Les Amants magnifiques (4 February 1670)—The Magnificent Lovers Le Bourgeois gentilhomme (14 October 1670)—The Bourgeois Gentleman Psyché (17 January 1671)—Psyche Les Fourberies de Scapin (24 May 1671)—The Impostures of Scapin La Comtesse d'Escarbagnas (2 December 1671)—The Countess of Escarbagnas Les Femmes savantes (11 March 1672)—The Learned Ladies Le Malade imaginaire (10 February 1673)—The Imaginary Invalid (or The Hypochondriac)

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